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Easy Basics: Project 072g ESP32 ESP32 Development board - Setting an access point

of Acoptex.com in ESP8266 ESP-32

Basics: Project 072g

Project name: ESP32 Development board - Setting an access point

Tags: ESP32 Dev Module, ESP32 development board, ESP32 Development board with WiFi and Bluetooth, ESP32-DevKitC V4 development board, ESP-WROOM-32 module with ESP32‑D0WDQ6 chip, Espressif Systems, ESP32-based development board, ESP32 modules, ESP32-WROOM-32, ESP32-WROOM-32U, ESP32-WROOM-32D, ESP32-SOLO-1, USB-UART bridge, IOT, ESP-WROOM-32 Dev Module, ESP32 DEVKITV1, Installing the ESP32 Board in Arduino IDE, Uploading sketch, Setting an access point, AP, access point

Attachments: sketch1

In this project, you need these parts :

1. ESP32 development board with WiFi and Bluetooth and USB A / micro USB B cable 1 pc

2.Arduino IDE ( you can download it from here  )

3.Jumper cables F-M, M-M

4. Resistor 2 pcs (220 Ohm)

5. LED 2 pcs (can be of different color)

6. Breadboard 1 pc

General

We will learn how to to set the ESP32 development board as an Access Point (AP). The ESP32 development board can act as a Wi-Fi station, as an access point, or as Wi-Fi station and an access point. 

We normally connect the ESP32 development board to a wireless router to get an access to the ESP32 development board through the local network. A wireless router acts as an access point and the ESP32 development board set as a station. So you need to be connected to your router (local network) to control the ESP32 development board.

But if you set the ESP32 development board as an AP (hotspot), you can be connected to the ESP32 using any device with Wi-Fi capabilities - no need to connect to your router. When you set the ESP32 as an AP you create its own Wi-Fi network and nearby Wi-Fi devices can connect to it.

As the ESP32 development board doesn’t connect to a wired network (like your router) it is called soft Access Point.

There are a lot of different development boards made. You can find more information about them here

Understanding the ESP32 Development board with WiFi and Bluetooth

We will discuss here an Espressif Systems products. Our development board is using ESP-WROOM-32 module from Espressif Systems.

Espressif offers a wide range of fully-certified Wi-Fi & BT modules powered by their own advanced SoCs.

1. Dual-core Modules with Wi-Fi & Dual-mode Bluetooth

Features

  • Two independently-controlled CPU cores with adjustable clock frequency, ranging from 80 MHz to 240 MHz
  • +19.5 dBm output at the antenna ensures a good physical range
  • Classic Bluetooth for legacy connections, also supporting L2CAP, SDP, GAP, SMP, AVDTP, AVCTP, A2DP (SNK) and AVRCP (CT)
  • Support for Bluetooth Low Energy (BLE) profiles including L2CAP, GAP, GATT, SMP, and GATT-based profiles like BluFi, SPP-like, etc
  • Bluetooth Low Energy (BLE) connects to smart phones, broadcasting low-energy beacons for easy detection
  • Sleep current is less than 5 μA, making it suitable for battery-powered and wearable-electronics applications
  • Integrates 4 MB flash
  • Peripherals include capacitive touch sensors, Hall sensor, low-noise sense amplifiers, SD card interface, Ethernet, high-speed SPI, UART, I2S and I2C
  • Fully certified with integrated antenna and software stacks

2. Single-core Modules with Wi-Fi & Dual-mode Bluetooth

Features

  • High-performance 160 MHz single-core CPU
  • +19.5 dBm output at the antenna ensures a good physical range
  • Classic Bluetooth for legacy connections, also supporting L2CAP, SDP, GAP, SMP, AVDTP, AVCTP, A2DP (SNK) and AVRCP (CT)
  • Support for Bluetooth Low Energy (BLE) profiles including L2CAP, GAP, GATT, SMP, and GATT-based profiles like BluFi, SPP-like, etc
  • Bluetooth Low Energy (BLE) connects to smart phones, broadcasting low-energy beacons for easy detection
  • Sleep current is less than 5 μA, making it suitable for battery-powered and wearable-electronics applications
  • Peripherals include capacitive touch sensors, Hall sensor, low-noise sense amplifiers, SD card interface, Ethernet, high-speed SPI, UART, I2S and I2C
  • Fully certified with integrated antenna and software stacks

3. Single-core Modules with 802.11b/g/n 2.4 GHz Wi-Fi

Features

  • High-performance 160 MHz single-core CPU
  • +19.5 dBm output at the antenna ensures a good physical range
  • Sleep current is less than 20 μA, making it suitable for battery-powered and wearable-electronics applications
  • Peripherals include UART, GPIO, I2C, I2S, SDIO, PWM, ADC and SPI
  • Fully certified with integrated antenna and software stacks

There are different development Boards made by Espressif Systems and other manufacturers. We will publish some information about Espressif Systems boards but you can also find out more information about other development boards here.

1. 2.4 GHz Wi-Fi & BT/BLE Development Boards

Features

  • PC connectivity: USB
  • Power supply options: USB (by default), or 5V/GND header pins, or 3V3/GND header pins
  • SDK: ESP-IDF source code and example applications

2. 2.4 GHz Wi-Fi Development Boards

Features

  • PC connectivity: USB
  • SDK: ESP8266 SDK source code and example applications

3. 2.4 GHz Wi-Fi + BT/BLE + Sensor Development Boards

Features

  • PC connectivity: USB
  • SDK: ESP-IOT-SOLUTION source code and example applications

You can find more information (datasheets, schematics, pins descriptions, functional desgn descriptions) about each board by pressing Getting started link close to each board here.

ESP32 chip

ESP32 is a series of low cost, low power system on a chip microcontrollers with integrated Wi-Fi and dual-mode Bluetooth. The ESP32 series employs a Tensilica Xtensa LX6 microprocessor in both dual-core and single-core variations and includes in-built antenna switches, RF balun, power amplifier, low-noise receive amplifier, filters, and power management modules. ESP32 is created and developed by Espressif Systems, a Shanghai-based Chinese company, and is manufactured by TSMC using their 40 nm process. It is a successor to the ESP8266 microcontroller.

ESP32 can perform as a complete standalone system or as a slave device to a host MCU, reducing communication stack overhead on the main application processor. ESP32 can interface with other systems to provide Wi-Fi and Bluetooth functionality through its SPI / SDIO or I2C / UART interfaces.

ESP32 is highly-integrated with in-built antenna switches, RF balun, power amplifier, low-noise receive amplifier, filters, and power management modules. ESP32 adds priceless functionality and versatility to your applications with minimal Printed Circuit Board (PCB) requirements.

ESP32 is capable of functioning reliably in industrial environments, with an operating temperature ranging from –40°C to +125°C. Powered by advanced calibration circuitries, ESP32 can dynamically remove external circuit imperfections and adapt to changes in external conditions.

Engineered for mobile devices, wearable electronics and IoT applications, ESP32 achieves ultra-low power consumption with a combination of several types of proprietary software. ESP32 also includes state-of-the-art features, such as fine-grained clock gating, various power modes and dynamic power scaling.

Functional Block Diagram:

Features of the ESP32 include the following:

Processors:

  • CPU: Xtensa dual-core (or single-core) 32-bit LX6 microprocessor, operating at 160 or 240 MHz and performing at up to 600 DMIPS
  • Ultra low power (ULP) co-processor
  • Memory: 520 KiB SRAM

Wireless connectivity:

  • Wi-Fi: 802.11 b/g/n
  • Bluetooth: v4.2 BR/EDR and BLE

Peripheral interfaces:

  • 12-bit SAR ADC up to 18 channels
  • 2 × 8-bit DACs
  • 10 × touch sensors (capacitive sensing GPIOs)
  • Temperature sensor
  • 4 × SPI
  • 2 × I²S interfaces
  • 2 × I²C interfaces
  • 3 × UART
  • SD/SDIO/CE-ATA/MMC/eMMC host controller
  • SDIO/SPI slave controller
  • Ethernet MAC interface with dedicated DMA and IEEE 1588 Precision Time Protocol support
  • CAN bus 2.0
  • Infrared remote controller (TX/RX, up to 8 channels)
  • Motor PWM
  • LED PWM (up to 16 channels)
  • Hall effect sensor
  • Ultra low power analog pre-amplifier

Security:

  • IEEE 802.11 standard security features all supported, including WFA, WPA/WPA2 and WAPI
  • Secure boot
  • Flash encryption
  • 1024-bit OTP, up to 768-bit for customers
  • Cryptographic hardware acceleration: AES, SHA-2, RSA, elliptic curve cryptography (ECC), random number generator (RNG)

Power management:

  • Internal low-dropout regulator
  • Individual power domain for RTC
  • 5uA deep sleep current
  • Wake up from GPIO interrupt, timer, ADC measurements, capacitive touch sensor interrupt

You can find ESP32 chip datasheet here, hardware design here, technical reference manual here.

Signals and connections of the ESP32 Development board with WiFi and Bluetooth

You can find more information (datasheets, schematics, pins descriptions, functional desgn descriptions) about each board (made by Espresiff Systems) by pressing Getting started link close to each board here.

Let's check our development board - ESP32 DEVKITV1 with ESP-WROOM-32 module from Espressif Systems:

Pinout diagram for the ESP Wroom 32 breakout:

ESP32-WROOM-32 - ESP32-WROOM-32 module soldered to the development board. Optionally ESP32-WROOM-32D, ESP32-WROOM-32U or ESP32-SOLO-1 module may be soldered instead of the ESP32-WROOM-32.

USB-UART Bridge - A single chip USB-UART bridge provides up to 3 Mbps transfers rates.

BOOT button - Download button: holding down the Boot button and pressing the EN button initiates the firmware download mode. Then user can download firmware through the serial port.

EN button - Reset button: pressing this button resets the system.

Micro USB Port - USB interface. It functions as the power supply for the board and the communication interface between PC and the ESP module.

TX0, TX2 - transmit pin. GPIO pin

RX0, RX2  - receive pin.  GPIO pin

3V3 (or 3V or 3.3V) - power supply pin (3-3.6V). 

GND - ground pin.

EN - Chip enable. Keep it on high (3.3V) for normal operation.

Vin - External power supply 5VDC.

Wiring

Step by Step instruction

The ESP32 is currently being integrated with the Arduino IDE like it was done for the ESP8266. There’s an add-on for the Arduino IDE that allows you to program the ESP32 using the Arduino IDE and its programming language.

  1. Download and install the latest Arduino IDE Windows Installer from arduino.cc
  2. Download and install Git and Git GUI from git-scm.com
  3. Search for Git GUI, right-click the icon and select “Run as administrator
  4. Select the Clone Existing Repository option.
  5. Select source and destination. Source Location: https://github.com/espressif/arduino-esp32.git
  6. Target Directory:C:/Users/[YOUR_USER_NAME]/Documents/Arduino/hardware/espressif/esp32
  7. Do not create the espressif/esp32 folders, because they will be created automatically.
  8. Click Clone to start cloning the repository.Wait a few seconds while the repository is being cloned.
  9. Open the folder: C:/Users/[YOUR_USER_NAME]/Documents/Arduino/hardware/espressif/esp32/tools
  10. Right-click the get.exe file and select “Run as administrator“.
  11. You will see that necessary files will be downloaded and upzipped. It will take some time.
  12. When get.exe finishes, you should see the following files in the directory.
  13. Plug the ESP32 development board to your PC and wait for the drivers to install (or install manually any that might be required).
  14. Open Arduino IDE. 
  15. Open Boards manager. Go to Tools -> Board -> Boards Manager… (in our case it’s the DOIT ESP32 DEVKIT V1)
  16. Select COM port that the board is attached to (if you don’t see the COM Port in your Arduino IDE, you need to install the ESP32 CP210x USB to UART Bridge VCP Drivers)
  17. You need to define a SSID name and a password to access the ESP32 development board. Modify sketch1 with your SSID and password data.
  18. Compile and upload the sketch1 to your ESP32 development board. If everything went as expected, you should see a “Done uploading” message. (You need to hold the ESP32 on-board Boot button while uploading).
  19. Press the ESP32 on-board EN button to reboot it. 
  20. Open the Serial Monitor at a baud rate of 115200. You should see the ESP32 development board AP IP address displayed on the Serial Monitor (we have 192.168.4.1).
  21. On your PC (we use Windows 10 OS) open Windows Settings->Network & Internet-> Show available networks (your Wi-Fi networks) and look for MyNetwork and select it. You will need to enter password to connect to it.
  22. You are connected to ESP32 AP now.
  23. You can access your web server, if you type your ESP32 development board AP IP address in your browser. In our case it is http://http://192.168.4.1. You can easily switch on/off two LEDs connected to your ESP32 development board now. 
  24. You can do the same on you smartphone, Ipad, or tablet.

Code

First we include the WiFi library. This is the same library used to create a web server with the Arduino using the Ethernet shield.

You need to define a SSID name and a password to access the ESP32 development board.

Then we set your web server to port 80 and creates a variable to store the header of the HTTP request. We create auxiliar variables to store the current state of our outputs. If you want to add more outputs and save its state, you need to create more variables.

You also need to assign a GPIO to each of your outputs. 

In setup() we start a serial communication at a baud rate of 115200 for debugging purposes and define our GPIOs as OUTPUTs and set them to LOW.

We use softAP() method to set the ESP32 as an access point: WiFi.softAP(ssid, password);

There are other optional parameters you can pass to the softAP() method: .softAP(const char* ssid, const char* password, int channel, int ssid_hidden, int max_connection)

SSID : maximum of 63 characters;

password : minimum of 8 characters; set to NULL if you want the access point to be open

channel : Wi-Fi channel number (1-13)

ssid_hidden : (0 = broadcast SSID, 1 = hide SSID)

max_connection : maximum simultaneous connected clients (1-4)

We need to print the access point IP address using the softAPIP() method and print it in the Serial Monitor: IPAddress IP = WiFi.softAPIP(); 

Serial.print("Access Point IP address: "); 

Serial.println(IP);

In the loop() we program what happens when a new client establishes a connection with the web server. The ESP32 is always listening for incoming clients. When a request is received from a client we’ll save the incoming data. The while loop that follows will be running as long as the client stays connected. The next section of if and else statements checks which button was pressed in your web page and controls the outputs accordingly. As we’ve seen previously we make a request on different URLs depending on the button pressed.

Then we are creating the web page. The ESP32 will send a response to your browser with some HTML code to build the web page. The web page is sent to the client using this expressing client.println(). You should enter what you want to send to the client as an argument. The first thing we should send is always the following line, that indicates that we are sending HTML: . The following line makes the web page responsive in any web browser: client.println(""); and the following is used to prevent requests on the favicon: client.println("");

When the response ends, we clear the header variable, and stop the connection with the client with client.stop().

Summary

We have learnt how to to set the ESP32 development board as Access Point (AP).

Libraries

  • All libraries attached on the begining of this project description.
  • WiFi library included in your Arduino IDE.

Sketch

  • See attachments on the begining of this project


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Published at 24-08-2018
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